Types of Policies

Once you understand claims made and occurrence coverage, you can choose the best one for you.

Insurance

Which Policy Best Fits your Needs

There are two basic types of malpractice insurance: occurrence and claims made. While there is no difference in the kind of injury or damage covered, the two plans are different in how and when coverage is triggered.


An occurrence policy provides coverage for claims of alleged incidents that occur while the policy is active. The claim can be reported at any time in the future, even if the policy has cancelled. Coverage is available at the limits of liability, terms and conditions in effect at the time of the alleged incident.

Why is this important?

Most claims are filed relatively soon after the treatment or incident in question, but the laws in many states permit claims to be made several years after the alleged incident. This is particularly relevant when minors are involved or when the alleged injury appears much later.

A claims-made policy, on the other hand, provides coverage for claims of alleged incidents that both occur and are reported on or after the day coverage begins, but before the policy terminates. (The first day claims-made coverage begins is called the retroactive or "retro" date.)

Claims-made coverage is triggered when the alleged incident occurs on or after the policy's retroactive date and before the policy terminates, and a written claim is reported during the current policy period or during the basic reporting extension period 30-60 days following termination of the policy.

Under a claims-made policy, there is an option to purchase an Extended Reporting Endorsement or "Tail Coverage," which allows claims to be reported for an unlimited time, as long as the alleged incident occurred on or after the retroactive date but before termination of the policy.

There is a difference in premium for the two types of policies:

  • Occurrence policies offer a steady base premium that does not increase as the policy matures.
  • Claims-made policies offer a lower premium during the early years of the policy, which steps up each year until reaching maturity in year five. While this saves some money in your early years of practice, potential coverage gaps can occur. It's important to work with your insurance company at the time of cancellation to ensure all potential gaps are identified.

The choice of an occurrence or claims-made malpractice insurance policy is entirely up to you. Examine your own situation carefully to decide which type of policy may be best for your current financial circumstances.

NCMIC offers both claims-made and occurrence malpractice insurance policies. Read more about NCMIC's Malpractice Insurance Plan now.


The information in the NCMIC Learning Center is offered solely for general information and educational purposes. It is not offered as, nor does it represent, legal or professional advice. Neither does this information constitute a guideline, practice parameter or standard of care. You should not act or rely upon this information without seeking the advice of an attorney familiar with the specific legal requirements of the state(s) in which you practice. If there is a discrepancy between the site and an insurance policy you have with NCMIC, the policy will prevail.